A Brief Introduction to Qiqihar
Qiqihar is located in Songnen Plain of Northeast, 122 o E and 45 o to 48 o N, at the junction of three province-Heilongjiang, Jilin and Inner Mongolia, it's west to Daqing and Suihua, north to Baicheng of Jilin Province, east to Hulunbeir of Inner Mongolia, it borders with Heihe and Greater Khingan Mountains Region in north, and it's 359 km from capital of the province-Harbin. The city is first built in 1125, the domicile to Heilongjiang Martial's Mansion in Qing Dynasty, it has been capital of the province for 255 years before 1954, the second largest city of Heilongjiang Province, the central node in the west of Ha-Da-Qi Industrial Corridor, it's an important national-level old industrial base, commodity grain base, animal husbandry base and green food base, it's the economic, cultural, business center and transportation hub of the province and even the western part of Northeast, and it's designated to be one of the 13 large cities of China by the State Council in 1984. It's also called as ¡° Crane City ¡± for the national-level Zhalong Natural Reserve nests rare birds in the world-red-crowned cranes. It's successively awarded with titles as Capital of China for Green Food, Charming City of China, Outstanding Tourist City of China, and City of the Republic with Largest Investment Potentials over Sixty Years. Qiqihar administers 1 city, 8 counties and 7 districts including Nehe City , Gannan County , Longjiang County , Keshan County , Kedong County , Yi'an County, Baiquan County , Tailai County , Fuyu County , Longsha District, Jianhua District, Tiefeng District, Fularji District, Ang'angxi District, Nianzishan District and Meilisi Daur District, and it covers 42,400 km 2 , with a total population of 5.716 million. The GRP (gross regional product) exceeds hundred billion yuan in 2011, and totals 108 billion yuan. The total financial revenue amounts to 14.13 billion yuan; the local financial revenue amounts to 10.45 billion yuan. The total investments in fixed assets amount to 50 billion yuan. The PDI (personal disposable income) of urban residents amounts to 14,900 yuan, and the PDI of rural residents amounts to 7,391 yuan.
For a brief introduction of Qiqihar , it could be summarized into four sentences, ¡°a dignified and splendid history, a majestic industry, a refreshing city and a magic and beautiful scenery.¡±
A dignified and splendid history¡ª¡ªQiqihar City was built more than 800 years ago, it has been capital of Heilongjiang Province for 225 years, and it's an important city in the Northern border with a profound history background and diversified regional culture. 11,000 years ago, there were ancestors living on the black soil in Qiqihar . Qiqihar City was first built in 1125, it was capital of Heilongjiang Province since the 38 th year of Emperor Kangxi's Reign, and it was famous for its critical location of ¡°transportation hub and metropolis¡±. There are many historic and cultural relics, it's a provincial-level famous historic and cultural city, and now the national-level historic and cultural famous city is being established. There are 14 scenic spots above A-class, including 2 AAAA-class and 3 AAA-class. Including Bright Moon Island surrounded by Nenjiang River, Longsha Park with history of hundred years, Buddhist Scenic Spot Mahayana Temple, Peace Square commemorating the victory of Anti-Japanese War, Jiangqiao Anti-Japanese War Relics where the first shot is fired for armed resistance against the Japanese invaders, Ang'angxi Neolithic Ancient Cultural Relics, Chinese Historic Cultural Famous Street-Rosija Street and Jin Dynasty Northeast Road Boundary Moat Fort called as Sub Great Wall of China, and so on. Particularly, the national-level Zhalong Natural Reserve is inhabited with 6 of the 15 kinds of cranes known in the world, most of them are rare red-crowned cranes, and it's renown at home and abroad for ¡°big wetland in the world, and crane hometown of China ¡±. The crane culture, wetland culture, ice and snow culture, exile culture, northern border culture and minority culture assemble and mingle, and a profound cultural foundation is accumulated. It's a favorable summer resort, a wonderful destination for ice and snow tour in winter, and the ecology tour, industry tour, agriculture tour, revolutionary tour and recreation tour are very attractive. With both the ancient Ang'angxi Civilization and the industry civilization after founding of the Republic; with both colorful national folk culture and religious culture, and the exile's former residence, the former residence of post station staff and exile frontier fortress culture; with relics as Heilongjiang General's Mansion, General's Office, and Military Governor's Mansion, which effectively controlled the border in the past, and there are also valuable historic cultural relics as Tazicheng, Great Wall in Jin Dynasty, Puyu Road in Jin Dynasty, and Mid-East Railway Station with history of hundred years. Qiqihar is a heroic city, with throngs of heroes during resistance against foreign invasions and socialist construction. Including General Shoushan with the poem ¡°no command to fight, the territory is about to lose, feel deeply guilty, no choice but to die for motherland¡±, General Ma Zhanshan entrusted with the mission at a critical and difficult moment, died at Jiangqiao Bridge and fired the first shot for armed resistance against the Japanese invaders, the banner in industry forefront of the country-Ma Hengchang Team, Chief System Designer of Shenzhou VII Manned Spaceship-Zhang Bonan and Aviation Hero Zhai Zhigang, and the Astronaut Hero Liu Boming, and all of them are prides of Qiqihar. Qiqihar is appraised as ¡°The Charming City of China ¡± by CCTV in October 2004, and is named as ¡°The Outstanding Tourist City of China ¡± in December of the same year.
A majestic industry¡ª¡ªAs an important equipment industry base, a commodity grain base and animal husbandry base of the country, Qiqihar boasts the majesty and generousness of the big industry and big agriculture. Qiqihar is one of the traditional industry bases built during the ¡°First Five-Year-Plan¡± Period and the ¡°Second Five-Year-Plan¡± Period with key investments, and it's always called as the ¡°City of Iron Steel Machinery ¡±. There are China First Heavy Industries praised as ¡°National Treasure¡± and Beiman Special Steel Co., Ltd. praised as ¡° Pearl in Palm¡± by Premier Zhou Enlai, the largest railway rolling stock manufacturer in Asia-Qiqihar Railway Rolling Stock Co., Ltd., Qiqihar Heavy CNC Equipment Co., Ltd. and Qiqihar Second Machine Tool Group ranking at the top of the ¡°Top Eighteen¡± in machine tool industry in China, the three major military enterprises once made outstanding contributions to national defense- North Machinery, Huaan Factory and Jianhua Factory, and two major kerosene manufacturers-Heilongjiang Chemical Plant and Qiqihar Chemical Plant, and ¡°First-in-China¡± was once created in Qiqihar for many times as ¡°Favored Son of the Republic¡±. Now, the traditional industries are being upgraded and transformed, the newly-rising industries are like mushrooms after rain, throngs of large projects come to settle down in the city including China First Tractor Group Large Agricultural Machinery Factory, Heilongjiang Longhua New Energy Automobile, Guangxi Zhongheng Bio-Pharmaceutical Industry Park, and so on, which have strongly engined for the revitalization of Qiqihar's traditional industry base. Q iqihar lies in the hinterland of Songnen Plain, one of the three major black soil belts in the world, with abundant natural resources and flat and fertile soil, blue sky and water, and four distinct seasons, it's an ideal place for the development of green food industry. The total grain output is always above 7.5 billion kg, approximately 1/5 of Heilongjiang Province , and 1% of the country, so it's a reliable ¡°big granary¡± of Heilongjiang Province and even the country. The planting area of green food is 12 million Chinese acres, accounting for 1/3 of the total cultivated land area. It's named as ¡°The Capital of China for Green Food¡± in 2002, and eleven sessions of China ( Qiqihar ) Green Food Exhibition are successfully held in the city. The famous brands as Feihe, Beidacang and Fuyu Old Cellar are renown throughout the country.
A refreshing city¡ª¡ªQiqihar ¡°lies beside the river, and embraces lakes and wetlands¡±, just like a bright and glittering pearl alongside Nenjiang River. Overlook Qiqihar City from above, the city lies in the left bank of Nenjiang River-one of the two only unpolluted rivers in China, the wetland Zhalong Natural Reserve located in southeast of the city is just as a bright moon glittering in the suburb, Qiqihar is just located on the tangent point between the line of Nenjiang River and the circle of Zhalong Natural Reserve, plus the Labor Lake runs through the city as a crystal necklace, Qiqihar is just a bright and glittering pearl. A new appearance is posed by the city as a riverside and garden city, the urban green coverage rate is 40%, it's appraised as a provincial-level garden city, and now it's moving forward toward a national-level garden city; the new urban area of Qiqihar to be jointly developed with China South City Shenzhen could accommodate a population of 400000 people, with a profound cultural connotation and typical northern features, and it will be a paradigm for urban upgrading and renovation in the background of rapid urbanization in China; the 15.6-km Zhonghua Road has a brand-new appearance, and the city with a history of hundreds of years has become a window with beautiful sceneries; the 7.5-km Labor Lake is expanded southward up to the river, and a lake-connected lakeside landscaping belt integrated with ecology, residence, recreation and tour runs through the urban area. Qiqihar has a decisive and critical strategic position, it's facilitated with convenient highway, railway and air facilities, it's an important transport hub connecting three provinces-Heilongjiang, Jilin and Inner Mongolia and it's a central city in Nenjiang River Valley in northwestern part of Northeast China, and the bright pearl-Qiqihar is boasting her ¡°expansion capacity¡±.
A magic and beautiful scenery¡ª¡ª Qiqihar is praised as ¡°Large Wetland in the World, Crane Hometown of China ¡±. It's an ideal ecological tourist resort with unique features. The largest wetland in China-Zhalong Natural Reserve is located in suburb of the city and is well-known in the world, the total area is 210000 ha , it's the largest in Asia and the fourth largest in the world, it's also the largest reed wetland in the world, and is listed in the first group of ¡°Directory to Important Wetlands in the World¡± in China. Zhalong Natural Reserve is a national AAAA-class tourist spot, where is covered by dense lakes and reeds, and it's a natural paradise for inhabiting and multiplication of waterfowls and birds. Now, there are 15 types of cranes in the world, there are 9 in China, and you could see 6 at Zhalong; the population of red-crowned cranes in the world is less than 2000, and there are more than 400 at Zhalong, so it's the ¡°Crane Hometown¡± renown at home and abroad. The natural scenery is attractive and wonderful, the tourist spots scatter all over the city like stars, the beautiful winding Nenjiang River and Bright Moon Island surrounded by water, the Longsha Park with a history of hundred years, the Zhalong Hot Spring Town for recreation and health preservation, One of the Ten Major Historic Cultural Streets of China-Rosija Street, ¡°The No.1 Village of Heilongjiang¡±-Xingshisi Village in Gannan County, ¡°The No.1 Lake of North¡±-Neljis Lake, and many landscapes of extraordinary splendor, additionally, Qiqihar is adjacent to the volcano of Wudalianchi in east, is adjacent to Qaqing Oilfield in south, is connected with Hulunbeir Prairie in west, is bordered with the Greater Xing'an Mountains in North, and all these have comprised the golden belt for ecological tour with distinct features and outstanding tastes. The travel route of ¡°Attachment to Black Soil¡± including Qiqihar is appraised as one of the top ten perfect travel routes by CCTV in 2006, and Qiqihar has become one of the most attractive tourist cities in China.